Natural Fibres

Natural Fibres are obtained from various parts of the plant ranging from the penetrating roots to the stem, from the delicate shoots to the luscious leaves, and even the bark. These fibres, in particular, those extracted from a leaf, are pliable and strong. The beauty of Natural Fibres lies in the very fact that they possess certain distinctive qualities: they share a common language of colour, texture and tone belonging to the Earth. This unique allegiance to Mother Nature is what makes these fibres so very beautiful. The appearance, feel, and texture of a Bamboo basket is very different from that of a plastic bag.

Grass has been used around the world for centuries to craft items for daily needs. India has a rich legacy of using natural fibres for functional purposes. The Indian landscape, a vibrant mix of tropical and temperate vegetation, is replete with a variety of natural fibres that can be woven into aesthetic items of display and use, with even the most complex of patterns requiring nothing more than a needle, blade and a small wooden hammer.

While Bamboo and cane are the most popular of choices amongst these, the diverse climate of our country facilitates the growth of a number of other wild grasses that can be artistically used like Screwpine, Banana fibre, Sisal fibre, Kora grass, Jute Hemp, Water Hyacinth, Sital Patti, Kauna Reed, Cane Palm, Moonj grass, Wagoo reed, Sikki grass, Cannabis, Flax, Palmyra Palm, Date Palm, Coconut and Areca Palm.


Bamboo is a type of grass with a hard, woody, hollow stem. It is a perennial evergreen and thus stays green all year round. A number of variants of Bamboo are found all over the world and are used for numerous purposes, from construction to medicine. The special equipment used in the manufacturing process includes knives and fixtures. Bamboo is split into thin wafers to suit the need of the end product. This is followed by manual knitting of the wafers into products specially designed to cater to the need of the market and its customers.

Banana Fibre

Eco-friendly and bio degradable Banana fibre is made from the stem of the Banana plant. It is soft, light weight and possesses high tensile strength and is considered to be one of world’s strongest natural fibres. Banana fibre is similar to natural bamboo fibre, but its spin ability, fineness and tensile strength are said to be better. It is also water resistant, fire resistant, tear resistant and recyclable. Mats, bags, baskets, hats etc. are some of the products made from Banana Fibre. Banana craft provides much necessary employment to rural craftspeople, especially women. It also adds an extra source of income for local banana plantation farmers, as the raw material, banana stem, which would usually be thrown away is purchased from these farmers.

Kauna Grass

Water Reed is popularly known as Kauna in the north- eastern state of Manipur. Available in abundance, the reed is harvested thrice a year in the region. An extensive range of products comes under the category of Kauna craft: bags, cushions, tables, chairs, bath rack, wine rack, wall hangings, jewellery box, purses and make-up boxes, etc. The properties of Kauna are one of a kind: it can take any aspired shape and form. It is non-toxic and has great heat insulation properties. It is also frost and water resistant making it one of our most durable fibres. Other surprising properties include it being a water cleaner’ as well as a thermal and noise insulator.


Madurkathi mats woven from a grass reed called Madur Kottir, are the tradition and pride of West Bengal. The origin of the craft in West Bengal dates back to the Muslim period, when ‘Masland’ mats of superfine variety with fine cotton as weft were produced under royal patronage. Centred on the Medinipur district, Madur mat weaving is an important part of the rural economy. Usually, women of the households are involved in weaving this beautiful craft. Madur artisans weave these mats on a simple bamboo frame. Warp is of cotton thread and weft is a thin soft reed of Madurkathi. Various diversified products such as floor mats, table runners and mats, coasters, curtains, hats, purses etc. are woven out of Madur reed.


Moonj is the outer layer of a type of grass called Sarpat, a wild weed that is found along river banks in India, Moonj craft is practised primarily by the women folk of small villages of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh, where this art has been practiced from the last 60 to 70 years.

The grass is harvested in the winter months and then it is left out to dry for a few days. The outer layer, Moonj is peeled and knotted. These knots are locally called as 'Balla'. This Balla is soaked in cold water for some time before coiling to ensure flexibility. The grass Kaasa is used as inside stuffing, wherein Moonj is used to wrap around Kaasa grass to make the coil. The formed coil is wound in a series to make the base of basket. Once the base is formed, the walls of the basket are made using the same technique. These coils are stitched together to make the basket strong. Many splits are dyed in bright colours and allowed to dry under shade. Motifs of basketry are created by adding the coloured grass in between to give an attractive look.

Using traditional coiling techniques and very elementary tools, stunningly beautiful ‘Moonj’ crafts are created.

Palm Leaf

The sleek and long leaves of the Palm Tree have great potential to be made into attractive durable products. Upon collection, these are dried under the sunlight for 2 to 3 days, following which they are dyed based on the required design and colour. The process of drying is repeated and the desired products are obtained. We offer a wide range of products like baskets, boxes, trays, stationery items, wine bottle holders, tissue boxes etc. Palm Leaf Basketry is one of the famous crafts of Tamil Nadu and is locally called "Kottan".


Rattan is a naturally sustainable, climbing plant, which grows abundantly in the tropical regions of Africa, Australasia and Asia. They are similar to Bamboo but unlike Bamboo, it does not have hollow stems. Rattan stems are solid, hence it can be easily manipulated into different shapes. After the long canes are harvested, the outer skin is peeled away to be used as a weaving material. The core is cut into sections and steamed until it is soft enough to be bent into shape. This can be used to make Rattan furniture like chairs and stools and other home accessories like laundry baskets, bins, mirrors and much more. Rattan accepts paints and stains like many other kinds of wood, so it is available in many colours. It is strong, durable and lightweight.

Sabai Grass

Sabai Grass grows in abundance in the tribal-dominated district of Mayurbhanj, Odisha. The usage of the grass, locally known bobeighasa, was earlier confined mainly to rope-making. But now, its use has diversified significantly and a number of intricate craft- items are being made. This became possible after women workers, mostly those belonging to the tribal communities, were imparted special training for this purpose. These workers today, have just the expertise, technique, skill and experience required to produce beautiful items that will take your home’s aesthetics up a notch.

Screw Pine

Screw Pine, also known as Pandan, grows by rivers and streams. The leaves are sword like thin, sleek and long, with a rough green surface. The fleshy green plant is peeled into thin strips which are then dried in the sun and subsequently, diagonally plated to create mats and many other beautiful products. These eco-friendly items are dyed using colours which contain a negligible amount of chemicals. Among the products that are weaved are bags, mats, coasters, cushions, laundry boxes, file holders, sling bags, jewellery boxes and more.

Sital Pati

Sital Pati, also known as cool-mat, is used for crafting utility items in Cooch Behar, West Bengal. SitalPati is woven from Muthra Reed. The green cane is kept soaking in water before it is slashed into thin strips for making the Pati. Subsequently, the fine strips are woven by skill-full interlacing to give shape to beautiful mats. A finely textured Pati and the extent of the smoothness of the weave, acts as an indicator of the quality of the mat. Apart from mats, the skilled craftsmen have now branched into crafting bags, boxes, baskets, totes etc. This craft is also prevalent in the states of Tripura & Assam.

Water Hyacinth

Water Hyacinth or Paanimeteka is what used to be a bothersome weed for people in rural Assam till craft organisations experimented with its stem and endorsed it as a natural fibre. Today, it is a great revenue generator for the state with female artisans being employed in large numbers to craft baskets, bags, purses, hats, mats, lampshades and more. The stem is dried and coiled into ropes after which it is twisted and turned into the desired pattern or design.